Are you a foreign national seeking a study permit in Canada? Have you recently received a refusal decision from a visa officer? It can be disheartening to have your dreams of studying in Canada put on hold. However, there is hope. In this blog post, we will discuss a recent court decision that overturned a study permit refusal and explore the grounds on which the decision was challenged. If you’re looking for guidance on how to navigate the study permit application process and overcome a refusal or how to overturn a study permit refusal decision, keep reading.

I. Overview

In the case of Mohammad Almasi Gilavan v The Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, the Federal Court granted the applicant’s application for judicial review, overturning the decision of a visa officer to refuse his study permit application. Let’s delve into the details of this case and understand the key factors that led to the successful challenge.

II. Background

Mohammad Almasi Gilavan, a 20-year-old citizen of Iran, had applied for a study permit in Canada to pursue a two-year diploma program in Information Technology with Co-op. Despite fulfilling the necessary requirements and submitting supporting documents, his application was refused based on concerns regarding his family ties and the purpose of his visit. The applicant had already begun his studies remotely due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The court decision shed light on the reasons behind the refusal and the subsequent challenge.

III. Analysis

A. Whether the Officer breached the duty of procedural fairness?

The applicant argued that the visa officer breached the duty of procedural fairness by not providing an opportunity to respond to credibility concerns. However, the court held that the visa officer had no obligation to seek clarification from the applicant or disclose concerns during the application process. The court emphasized that procedural fairness should be considered in light of all circumstances, and in this case, the applicant failed to demonstrate any unfairness on the part of the officer.

B. Whether the Officer’s decision was reasonable?

The court reviewed the reasonableness of the decision, which is an important aspect of challenging a study permit refusal. While the court did not accept all of the applicant’s arguments, it found the officer’s treatment of the applicant’s family ties to be unreasonable. The officer’s decision lacked sufficient explanation regarding the consideration of positive factors and failed to address the applicant’s family ties adequately. As a result, the court determined that this shortcoming rendered the entire decision unreasonable and referred the matter back for reconsideration by a different officer.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can a study permit refusal decision be challenged?

Yes, a study permit refusal decision can be challenged through judicial review.

What is the standard of review for a study permit refusal decision?

The standard of review is reasonableness, meaning the court will assess whether the decision was justified and internally coherent.

Is procedural fairness important in study permit refusal cases?

Procedural fairness is important, but the extent of its application depends on the circumstances of each case.

What happens if a study permit refusal decision is deemed unreasonable?

If the court finds the decision unreasonable, it may refer the matter back to a different officer for reconsideration.

Can the applicant provide additional evidence during the reconsideration process?

Yes, the reconsideration process allows the applicant to submit additional evidence supporting their application.

How should an applicant address concerns regarding family ties in a study permit application?

It is essential to provide comprehensive and clear information about family ties, demonstrating strong connections to the home country.

Can an applicant without dependents be granted a study permit?

Lack of dependents should not necessarily be considered a negative factor. Each application is assessed based on individual circumstances.

Can stereotypes or generalizations impact a study permit decision?

Stereotypes or generalizations should not influence a study permit decision. Officers must consider individual circumstances and evidence.

What happens if a study permit application is successful after reconsideration?

If the application is successful, the applicant will be issued a study permit and can proceed with their intended studies in Canada.

Is it recommended to seek legal assistance when challenging a study permit refusal?

Yes, consulting an immigration lawyer experienced in a judicial review can greatly enhance your chances of success.


The case of Mohammad Almasi Gilavan v The Minister of Citizenship and Immigration highlights the importance of understanding the grounds on which a study permit refusal decision can be challenged. By demonstrating the lack of procedural fairness and the unreasonableness of the decision, the applicant succeeded in obtaining a court judgment in their favor. If you find yourself in a similar situation, seeking professional legal advice is crucial. A skilled immigration lawyer can help you navigate the complex process of challenging a study permit refusal and maximize your chances of success.

Remember, even in the face of a study permit refusal, there is hope for a positive outcome. Don’t give up on your dreams of studying in Canada.

If you would like to read more for our court rulings or if you are looking to read more about our how to overturn a study permit refusal decision, visit our website. If you are searching for legal advice contact Pax Law today!


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