In a recent court decision, the Federal Court granted a judicial review application filed by Arezoo Dadras Nia, an Iranian citizen seeking a study permit in Canada. The court found the decision of the visa officer to be unreasonable and lacking in rational analysis based on the evidence presented. This blog post provides a summary of the court decision and explores the key factors considered by the court. If you are a prospective student interested in studying in Canada, it is essential to understand the reasoning behind such decisions and how they may impact your own study permit application.


  1. Overview
  2. Facts
  • The Applicant
  • Decision Under Review
  1. Issue and Standard of Review
  2. Analysis
  3. Conclusion

Frequently Asked Questions:

What was the applicant’s background and purpose for applying for a study permit?

The applicant is a 40-year-old Iranian citizen with a background in Agricultural Engineering and Environmental Biotechnology. She sought to pursue a master’s degree in Energy Management to enhance her career opportunities in the field.

What was the basis for the visa officer’s refusal of the study permit application?

The visa officer found the proposed program of study to be unreasonable given the applicant’s previous studies at a higher level. Additionally, the officer had concerns about the applicant’s intention to leave Canada after completing her studies.

Why did the court consider the visa officer’s decision to be unreasonable?

The court determined that the visa officer’s decision lacked a rational chain of analysis based on the facts and evidence presented. The officer failed to properly assess the applicant’s purpose for pursuing the program and instead assumed the role of a career advisor.

What evidence did the applicant provide to support her study permit application?

The applicant submitted various documents, including her acceptance letter to the Energy Management program, pre-payment of tuition, bank statements, and letters from her employer confirming her temporary leave of absence to complete her studies.

How did the court address the officer’s characterization of the program as a lower level of education?

The court disagreed with the officer’s characterization, emphasizing that the program aimed to provide practical skills and management knowledge to complement the applicant’s previous research-focused education. The court found the officer’s reasoning illogical and contrary to the evidence presented.

Did the court find the officer’s consideration of the applicant’s ties to her home country reasonable?

No, the court found that the officer’s decision did not adequately grapple with the evidence showing the applicant’s strong ties to her home country and her intention to return after completing her studies.

What was the standard of review applied by the court?

The court applied the reasonableness standard, which requires the decision under review to be transparent, intelligible, and justified. It focuses on whether the decision-makers analysis was internally coherent and rational, considering the relevant administrative setting, evidentiary record, and impact on those affected.

What was the outcome of the judicial review application?

The court granted the judicial review application, set aside the officer’s decision, and remitted the matter for redetermination by a different decision-maker.

Was there any question for certification raised in this case?

No, neither party raised any questions for certification.

What does this court decision mean for prospective students applying for study permits?

This court decision highlights the importance of presenting a clear and logical purpose for pursuing a program of study. It emphasizes the need for decision-makers to conduct a thorough analysis based on the evidence provided. Prospective students should carefully prepare their application, including explaining how their desired program aligns with their career goals and addressing any concerns regarding their intention to return to their home country.


The recent court decision in Arezoo Dadras Nia’s case serves as a significant precedent for study permit applications. It underscores the need for visa officers to provide reasoned decisions based on a comprehensive analysis of the evidence. Prospective students should be aware of the importance of presenting a strong case for their study permit applications, highlighting the relevance of their chosen program to their career aspirations and addressing any potential concerns raised by immigration authorities. Consulting an experienced immigration lawyer can greatly assist in navigating the study permit application process and increasing the chances of a successful outcome.

At Pax Law, we have numerous blog posts about our clients and general information. If you would like a personal consultation for your file, schedule a consultation with one of our professionals today!

Categories: Immigration


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