Quebec, the second-most populous province in Canada, boasts a population of over 8.7 million people. What sets Quebec apart from other provinces is its unique distinction as the only majority-French region in Canada, making it the ultimate Francophone province. Whether you’re an immigrant from a French-speaking country or simply aiming to become fluent in French, Quebec offers a remarkable destination for your next move.

If you’re contemplating a move to Quebec, we are providing essential information that you should know about Quebec before moving.


Quebec features one of Canada’s largest housing markets, offering a wide range of housing options to suit your preferences, family size, and location. Housing prices and property types vary across different areas, ensuring you’ll find the perfect fit for your needs.

As of August 2023, the average rent for a one-bedroom apartment in Montreal stands at $1,752 CAD, while in Quebec City, it’s $1,234 CAD. Importantly, Quebec’s average rent for a one-bedroom unit is below the national average of $1,860 CAD.


Quebec’s three major metropolitan areas—Montreal, Quebec City, and Sherbrooke—offer convenient access to public transportation. Approximately 76% of residents in these areas live within 500 meters of a public transit option, including subways and buses. Montreal boasts the Société de Transport de Montréal (STM), a comprehensive network serving the city, while Sherbrooke and Quebec City have their own bus systems.

Interestingly, despite the robust public transportation network, more than 75% of residents in these cities choose to commute using personal vehicles. Thus, considering leasing or purchasing a car upon your arrival might be a wise decision.

Furthermore, during your initial six months as a Quebec resident, you can use your existing foreign driver’s license. After this period, obtaining a provincial driver’s license from the Government of Quebec becomes mandatory to continue operating a motor vehicle in Canada.


Quebec’s diverse economy offers employment opportunities in various sectors, with the largest industries being trade occupations, healthcare, and social assistance, as well as manufacturing. Trade occupations encompass retail and wholesale workers across various industries, while the healthcare and social assistance sector employs professionals like doctors and nurses. The manufacturing industry includes roles such as mechanical engineers and appliance technicians.


In Canada, public healthcare is funded through a universal model supported by resident taxes. Newcomers over 18 years old in Quebec may need to wait up to three months before becoming eligible for public healthcare coverage. After the waiting period, newcomers residing in Quebec receive free healthcare with a valid health card.

You can apply for a health card through the government of Quebec’s website. Eligibility for health insurance in Quebec varies depending on your status in the province. While a provincial health card grants access to most public health services for free, certain treatments and medications may require out-of-pocket payments.


Quebec’s education system welcomes children around the age of 5 when they typically start kindergarten. Residents can send their children to public schools free of charge until the end of high school. However, parents also have the option to enroll their children in private or boarding schools, where tuition fees apply.

Quebec boasts a significant number of Designated Learning Institutions (DLIs), with nearly 430 across the province. Many of these institutions offer programs that can make graduates eligible for Post-Graduation Work Permits (PGWP) upon completion. PGWPs are highly valuable for those seeking permanent residence, as they provide Canadian work experience, a crucial factor in immigration pathways.


In Quebec, the provincial government levies a sales tax of 14.975%, combining a 5% Goods and Services Tax (GST) with a 9.975% Quebec sales tax. Income tax rates in Quebec, as in the rest of Canada, are variable and depend on your annual income.

Newcomer Services in Quebec

Quebec offers a range of resources to assist newcomers in their transition to the province. Services like Accompaniments Quebec provide support with settling in and learning French. The Government of Quebec’s online resources help newcomers find local service providers tailored to their needs, and AIDE Inc. offers settlement services to newcomers in Sherbrooke.

Moving to Quebec is not just a relocation; it’s an immersion into a rich French-speaking culture, a diverse job market, and a high-quality healthcare and education system. With this guide, you’re well-equipped to embark on your journey to this unique and welcoming Canadian province.

Pax Law Can Help You!

Our immigration lawyers and consultants are willing, ready, and able to help you with checking your requirements for immigrating to Quebec. Please visit our appointment booking page to make an appointment with one of our lawyers or consultants; alternatively, you can call our offices at +1-604-767-9529.


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